วันเสาร์ที่ 25 ธันวาคม พ.ศ. 2553

Learning in class week 8

In this week I have learned about Genre texts type to help me for study in the translation 2 courses than better and important it will help that practice traslation ,and then I can learn about meaning of word,kind of word,principle of translation and new vocaburary in this translation for giuldline to translation correctly in the future.

Genre text types

1.Narative = tell story usually to entertain
2.Recounts= personal,factucl tell what happen
3.Information report =provide factual infromation
4.Instruction = tell the listener or reader what to do
5.Explanations=explain how or why something happen
6.Expository texts=present or argue view point.

More imfromation about Genre


Learning in class week 7

In this week I have learned about websites the Teacher told me that about websites in learning English because is a good website in the study English ourselves,such as http://www.ilean.com/ ,http://www.ello.org/ etc.for students to study outside the class.

 Learning in class week 5

If I had won the lottery,I would be rich.

If Jim got the massage I left him an hour ago,he waiting for me now.

If Tom were rich,he would have bought a new car.

Learning log outclass week 5

1.If it doesn't rain tomorrow, we will have a picnic.
2.If I had more time, I would read more books.
3.If I were you, I would not let him say such things.
4.If he were to leave (If he left) today, he would be there by Friday.
5.If I had known that, I would have lent you mine.
6.If I had had her e-mail address, I would have written to her.

Homework week 5

1. น่าเสียดายที่คุณขับรถไม่เป็น ถ้าคุณขับรถได้จะเป็นประโยชน์มากๆ
It's deplorable that you can't drive a car If you can drive,it would be very beneficial.

2. ถ้าเพื่อนคุณออกกำลังกายตอนนี้สุขภาพเขาก็ไม่ขนาดนี้
If you friend had exercised,now his health wouldn't bad.

3. ถ้าฉันอายุน้อยกว่านี้สัก 10 ปี ฉันก็คงไปเที่ยวพับกับพวกเขาแล้ว
If I were younger than ten years ,I would have gone to the pub with them.

Homework week4

If I have free time I may be call to her this evening.

If snow falled down in Bangkok everyone would frighen.

If he doesn't take me went to the movie last night ,I would have been very sad.
Learning in class week 4

In this week I have learned about Kind of IF clause in English grammar for make to understand translation 2 courses correctly and correct grammatical, so it's improtant to translation you will must base the knowledge about If clause when you learn understand clarify so it will be translation in to English language better and beautifully.

If clause มีอยู่ 3 แบบด้วยกันคือ
1. Present real possible
(If + V1 + will,may,can +V1)
เช่น 1.If I don't understand translation 2 course thoroughly I may fail it.
2.If she comes,I will go there.
3.If you study hard,you will pass exam.
4.If it doesn't rain this afternoon,I will go to the Ocean.

2. Present unreal impossible
(If + v2 + would,could,might + v1)
เช่น 1.If I were Thaksin,I would not fly tp a America.

3. Past unreal
(If + had + v3 + would,should,could,might + v3)
เช่น 1.Nobody told me that you were in hospital,if had known I would visited you.

Learning out class week 4
 type condition
I condition possible to fulfill
II condition in theory possible to fulfill
III condition not possible to fulfill (too late)
type if clause main clause
I Simple Present will-future (or Modal + infinitive)
II Simple Past would + infinitive *
III Past Perfect would + have + past participle *
Examples (if-clause at the beginning)
type if clause main clause
I If I study, I will pass the exam.
II If I studied, I would pass the exam.
III If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.

Examples (if-clause at the end)
type main clause if-clause
I I will pass the exam if I study.
II I would pass the exam if I studied.
III I would have passed the exam if I had studied.

Examples (affirmative and negative sentences)
type Examples
long forms short/contracted forms
I + If I study, I will pass the exam.
1. If I study, I'll pass the exam.
2. If I study, I will not fail the exam.
3. If I do not study, I will fail the exam.
4. If I study, I won't fail the exam.
5. If I don't study, I'll fail the exam.
II + If I studied, I would pass the exam.
1. If I studied, I'd pass the exam.
2. If I studied, I would not fail the exam.
3. If I did not study, I would fail the exam.
4. If I studied, I wouldn't fail the exam.
5. If I didn't study, I'd fail the exam.
III + If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.
1. If I'd studied, I'd have passed the exam.
2. If I had studied, I would not have failed the exam.
3. If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam.
4. If I'd studied, I wouldn't have failed the exam.
5. If I hadn't studied, I'd have failed the exam.
We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).
I would pass the exam.
I could pass the exam.
I might pass the exam.
I may pass the exam.
I should pass the exam.
I must pass the exam.

There are three types of the if-clauses.

วันศุกร์ที่ 24 ธันวาคม พ.ศ. 2553

Homework week 3

1. อย่าโทรมาหาฉันช่วง 6 โมง ถึง ทุ่มหนึ่่งนะฉันกำลังกินเข้าเย็นอยู่ตอนนี้
Do not call me at 6 p.m to 7 p.m becuase I am having dinner.

2. โทรมาหาฉันหลัง 1 ทุ่มนะฉันกินข้าวเสร็จแล้วตอนนั้น
Please,call me after 7 p.m I had finished dinner.

3. เมื่อเช้านี้ตอนเราไปถึงที่ทำงานก็มีคนงัดเข้าไปในบริษัทตอนกลางคืน
This morning we go to the office I find someone breaking into the office at night.

4. จอยบอกฉันว่าเขาจะไปเที่ยวเชียงใหม่ในเดือรพฤษภาคม
Joy told me that he will go to Chiang Mai in may.

5. เธอคิดอะไรตอนที่ซื้อกระโปรงตัวนั้นะมันสั้นมาก
What are you thinking right now it is buying a very short skirt.
Learning in class week 3

1. คนส่วยใหญ๋เชื่อว่าสุนัขเป็นเพื่อนที่ดี่ที่สุดของมนุษย์
Most people believe that dogs are best friend.

2. บัจจุบันอัตราการว่างงานในประเทศไทยอยู่ที่ 28 เปอร์เซ้น
At present the unemployee ii Thailand is 28.

3. นิดโทรมาหาฉันเมื่อ สอง 3 วันที่แล้ว
Nid called me a few days ago.

4. ตั้งแต่เขาลาออกจากงานเขาไม่เคยโทรมาหาฉันเลย
Since Noi guit the job,she has never called me.

5. รัฐบาลประกาศขึ้นราคาน้ำมันแล้ว
The goverment has announeed an increare in oil prices.

6. เล็กไปประเทศญี่ปุนมาสองครั้งแล้ว
Lek has been to Japan twice.

7. ใหญ่ไปอเมริกาแล้วและจะกลับมาเดือนหน้า
Yai had gone The US and will be back next mounth.

8. คุณทำงานหนักมาตลอด ตอนที่คุณควรพักผ่อนบ้างได้นะ
You have been working hard,now you should rest relex.

9. ระหว่างที่ฉันรอพบหมอฉันอ่านหนังสือนิตยสารไป 2 เล่ม
While I was waiting for seeing the doctor,I read two magazine.

When I went into the lving ,my husband was wacthing news.

When I went into the living room,my husband had watched the news.

12.ศักดิ์สูบบุหรี่มานาน 30 ปี แต่เลิกบุหรี่แล้วเมื่อสองปีก่อน
Sak had smoking for 30 years but he gave up smoking 2 years ago.

He will return the books to you on friday.

I am going to start a new job next week.
learning log in class week 3

In this week I have about Aspect to use  English translation ,If I knew about kind and event of Aspect it will be help  to me in  English translation better it has to study and to understand truly.

Aspect การณ์ลักษณะมุมมองของผู้พูดที่มีต่อสถาณการณ์ หรือ เหตุการณ์นั้นๆ เช่น ผู้พูดว่า
- เสร็จสิ้นแล้ว กำลังเกิดขึ้น
- พึ่งเริ่มต้น หรือ เกิดซ้ำๆ

1.Progressive aspect
1.1 กำลังดำเนินอยู่
1.1.1 ดำเนินอยู่ต่เนื่อง เช่น She was sleeping.
1.1.2 กำลังเกิดขึ้น และจบลงอย่างรวดเร็จแต่เกิดขึ้นซ้ำๆ เช่น The boy is hitting my dog with my stict.
1.1.3 เหตุการณ์ยังไม่เสร์จสิ้นสมบูรณ์ เช่น I am writing a book on globle warming.
1.1.4 เหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นชั่วคราว เช่น She is living in london.

2.Perfective aspect
2.1 ใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นเชื่ยมโยงกับเวลาภายหลัง
เช่น The thief had run away wen the police arrived.
2.2 เหตุการณ์เกิดขึ้นแล้วและยังดำเนิดอยู่มาจนถึงปัจจุบัน
เช่น We have lived in Japan since last year.
2.3 เหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นแล้วโดยไม่ระบุเวลา แน่ชัดแต่เกิดขึ้นอย่างน้อย 1 ครั้ง นับจนถึงปัจจุบัน
เช่น I have been to India before.
2.4 เหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นแล้วยังส่งผลอยู่ในขณะปัจจุบัน
เช่น He has cut himself.
I have eatten rice.

Learning out class week 3

1. progressive aspect
The progressive, or continuous, aspect is formed with the auxiliary verb 'to be' + - ing, the present participle. It shows that an action or state, past, present, or future, was, is or will be unfinished at the time referred to:
I'm reading Nelson Mandela's autobiography. (action unfinished now)
She was having a shower when the phone rang. (action unfinished at the time the phone rang)

2. perfective aspect

The perfective aspect , sometimes called the aoristic aspect, is a grammatical aspect used to describe a situation viewed as a simple whole, whether that situation occurs in the past, present, or future. The perfective aspect is equivalent to the aspectual component of past perfective forms variously called "aorist", "preterite", and "simple past". Although the essence of the perfective is an event seen as a whole, a unit without internal structure, most languages which have a perfective use it for various similar semantic roles, such as momentary events and the onsets or completions of events, all of which are single points in time and thus have no internal structure. Other languages instead have separate momentane, inchoative, or cessative aspects for those roles, with or without a general perfective.

วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 23 ธันวาคม พ.ศ. 2553

Tense in English grammar

Learning in class week 2

In this week I have learned about Tense in English grammar


ในภาษาอังกฤษเราสามารถแบ่งกาลเวลาออกเป็น 3 ชนิดด้วยกันคือ
1.Present Tense (ปัจจุบันกาล)
2.Past Tense (อดีตกาล)
3.Future Tense (อนาคตกาล)

Simple (ธรรมดา)
Continuous (กำลังกระทำ)
Perfect (สมบูรณ์)
Perfect Conti. (สมบูรณ์กำลังกระทำ)

โครงสร้าของ Tense ทั้ง 12
Present (ปัจจุบันกาล)
Simple = S + Verb1 + Verb...

Continuous = S + is,am,are+Verb1 ing +...
Perfect = S + has,have +Verb3+....
Perfect Conti. = S + has,have + been + Verb 1 +....

Past (อดีตกาล)
Simple = S + Verb 2 +.....
Continuous = S + was,were + Verb 1 ing...
Perfect = S + had + Verb 3 +....
Perfect Conti. = S + had + been + Verb 1 ing +...

Future (อนาคตกาล)
Simple = S + will,shall + Verb 1+....
Continuous = S + will,shall + be + Verb 1 ing +...
Perfect = S + will,shall + have +Verb 3 +....
Perfect Conti. = S + will.shall + have + been + Verb 1 ing+.
Learning in class week 2

Modality (ทัศนะภาวะ)
คือ ความคิดเห็นต่อสถานการณ์ที่พูด

Communitive compitence
3.Discourse ตีความ text,beyond sentence.
4.Strategic, pragmatic


2.May be

Learning out class week 2

modality is what allows speakers to evaluate a proposition relative to a set of other propositions. In standard formal approaches to modality, an utterance expressing modality can always roughly be paraphrased to fit the following template:

(1) According to [a set of rules, wishes, believes,...] it is [necessary, possible] that [the main proposition] is the case.The set of propositions which forms the basis of evaluation is called the modal base. The result of the evaluation is called the modal force. For example the utterance in (2) expresses that, according to what the speaker has observed, it is necessary to conclude that John has a rather high income:

(2) John must be earning a lot of money.
The modal base is here the knowledge of the speaker, the modal force is necessity. By contrast, (3) could be paraphrased as ‘Given his abilities, the strength of his teeth, etc., it is possible for John to open a beer bottle with his teeth’. Here, the modal base is defined by a subset of John's abilities, the modal force is possibility.

(3) John can open a beer bottle with his teeth.
A more elaborate account of formal semantic approaches to modality is given in section 1.

Cross-linguistically, modality can be expressed by a variety of means, such as auxiliary verbs as in the examples (2) and (3), verbal morphology (mood) or adverbs. An overview of the various modal expressions across languages is given below in section 2.

Learning log week 1

I n the frist time of this course the teacher discribed about the reason plan for translation 2 and the teacher told students to explain about translation  newspaper,song,article,home registation etc. And then the teacher told the principle and method of  Thai transation ,English translation as well for guideline to me in the study English translation 2 courses

Learning out class week 1

What is a Noun?
A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn.
Noun Gender
Many common nouns, like "engineer" or "teacher," can refer to men or women.
Noun Plurals
Most nouns change their form to indicate number by adding "-s" or "-es", as illustrated in the following pairs of sentences:
Possessive Nouns
In the possessive case, a noun or pronoun changes its form to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. Usually, nouns become possessive by adding a combination of an apostrophe and the letter "s."

Types Of Nouns
1. Proper Nouns
You always write a proper noun with a capital letter, since the noun represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing.
2. Common Nouns
A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place, or thing in a general sense -- usually, you should write it with a capital letter only when it begins a sentence. A common noun is the opposite of a proper noun.
3.Concrete NounsA concrete noun is a noun which names anything (or anyone) that you can perceive through your physical senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell. A concrete noun is the opposite of a abstract noun.
4.Abstract Nouns
An abstract noun is a noun which names anything which you can not perceive through your five physical senses, and is the opposite of a concrete noun.

5.Collective NounsA collective noun is a noun naming a group of things, animals, or persons. You could count the individual members of the group, but you usually think of the group as a whole is generally as one unit. You need to be able to recognise collective nouns in order to maintain subject-verb agreement. A collective noun is similar to a non-countable noun, and is roughly the opposite of a countable noun.

1. Perhaps
2. May
3. May be
4. Can
5. Could
6. May might
7. Will
8. Shall
Homework week 1

You can go Chiang Mai by car or by trian.

Any one knows money it is important for life.

I spend a lot of money because I stay in the hotel at the most
expensive in the city.

Why you don't live at the hotel more sheeper.
Homework week 2

1. เวลาตัดสินอะไรคนเราอาจจะถูกหรือผิดก็ได้
Whenever we would like to deside may be it true or not.

He unable to use shopstcks.

3. คุณอยู่ที่นี้นานแค่ใหนก็ได้เท่าที่คุณอยากอยู่
You can stay here as long as you want.
Learning log out class week 2

1.You sister can speak English well.

2.The temparature can sometime reach 40c in Apirl.
บางครั้งอุณหภูมิอาจจะสูงขี้น 40c ในเดือนเมษายนนี้

3.You can pass me the salt?

4. He can run very fast.

5. When he was young,he could run very fast.

6. Can you turn on the light?

7. Could you turn on the light?

8. You can take my car.

Modality ( ทัศนะภาวะ)

Modality (ทัศนะภาวะ)
คือ ความคิดเห็นต่อสถานการณ์ที่พูด

Communitive compitence
3.Discourse ตีความ text,beyond sentence.
4.Strategic, pragmatic